Spoken by: primary language: about 164 million. Secondary language: 114 million. Total: 278 million
Spoken in: Russia, minorities in countries of the former Soviet Union, San Javier (Uruguay), emigrant communities around the world, notably Israel.
Language family: Slavic

Russian is the official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

Phonology Edit

Grammar Edit

Orthography Edit

Common difficulties Edit

The Foreign Service Institute has classified Russian as a "Hard" language. It is estimated that learning Russian to a Professional Working Proficiency in the language (a score of Speaking-3/Reading-3 on the Interagency Language Roundtable scale) will take an average of 44 weeks (1100 class hours).[1]

Resources Edit

There is an Foreign Service Institute course for Russian.

Sublearning - Russian to English movie subtitle flash cards

First Russian Reader is a free on-line resource with audio tracks:

Pimsleur offers a course in Russian.

Duolingo offers a course in Russian.

Rosetta Stone offers a course in Russian.


References Edit

  1. U.S. Department of State; FSI's Experience with Language Learning;
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