Spoken by: 19 million
Spoken in: Ethiopia
Language family: Semitic

Amharic (አማርኛ amarəñña) is spoken by approximately 15 million native and 4 million second language speakers in Ethiopia. It is a member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. After Arabic, it is the second most widely spoken Semitic language in addition to being the 4th largest overall in Africa.

Phonology Edit

Grammar Edit

Orthography Edit

It is written using a modified form of the Ge'ez abugida which is called fidäl (meaning: 'script' or 'alphabet').


Sample Text Edit

From Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

\VZ􏰀c􏰀OM􏰀c􏰀KO􏰀c􏰀VZOG􏰀c􏰀QLQ􏰀c􏰀ENEUQ􏰀c􏰀EPEWP􏰀c􏰀DNOQW􏰀c \OZ􏰀 c􏰀 QZ􏰀 c􏰀 \WIXU􏰀 c􏰀 \PVWZOQ􏰀 c􏰀 􏰁OQZ􏰀 c􏰀 VOOZ􏰀 c􏰀 DQG􏰀 c􏰀 OOZQ􏰀 c EZQGPPFQW􏰀c􏰀PQIV􏰀c􏰀PPONW􏰀c􏰀\JEZO􏰀􏰉 DQTL􏰀c􏰀􏰈􏰀􏰈

Common difficulties Edit

The Foreign Service Institute has classified Amharic as a "Hard" language. It is estimated that learning Amharic to a Professional Working Proficiency in the language (a score of Speaking-3/Reading-3 on the Interagency Language Roundtable scale) will take an average of 44 weeks (1100 class hours).[1]


There is an Foreign Service Institute course for Amharic.

References Edit

  1. U.S. Department of State; FSI's Experience with Language Learning;